Following up on Part 1 of this article, in which I discuss the Domain Name System (DNS), IP Addresses and domain names, Part 2 explores the origins of ICANN, which is charged with the management of the DNS.
(Part 3 will delve into a rising debate over ICANN’s approval of new Generic Top Level Domains (gTLDs).)
ICANN is a non-profit corporation based in Marina del Rey, California.
Because of the U.S.’ pivotal role in the creation and development of the internet, the U.S. government essentially created ICANN.
In 1998, the U.S. National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) (part of the U.S. Department of Commerce) wanted to improve the management of domain names and IP Addresses.
In its “Green Paper,” the NTIA proposed to create a private sector non-profit with an international board of directors. ICANN was the result.
ICANN is run by a Board of Directors, which consists of 6 representatives from 3 Supporting Groups and 8 independent representatives.